Chum Kiu the second form
Article by Dan Knight added on 22 Jul 2012. Last updated on 8 Oct 2012.
Chum Kiu or Seeking Bridge
Wing Chun's second form
Wing Chun Kung Fu's second form chum kiu builds on the base of knowledge learned in the first form and teaches the practitioner how to use these skills under different conditions.
The first section of Chum Kiu teaches how to use turning and techniques at the same time, for example the Bong Sau and Wu Sau with turning and body shifting. This is teaching the practitioner to use the hips to develop power, something which is not seen in the first form. It is also teaching the practitioner about body positioning when using techniques like the Bong Sau which becomes considerably more effective when combined with body shifting (turning).
The first section also introduces two way energy as seen when the Lan Sau arm Laps and a straight punch is delivered. This enables the practitioner to deliver more devastating blows with relative ease as the Laping arm is enabling the transfer of power across the body as the force can flow in one motion without interruption, with the addition of pulling your opponent off balance, the target will also be moving into the punch and so additional damage will be caused.
The second section introduces Wing Chun stepping, this, when combined with techniques enables the safe bridging of the gap between the practitioner and his/her opponent. Hence Chum Kiu or 'seeking the Bridge'. For it is with contact that Wing Chun practitioner has his/her biggest advantage. Furthermore the second section of Chum Kiu is building on Sil Lim Tao by making the practitioner use both footwork and kicks with hand techniques such as blocks.
Chum Kiu also introduces the Wing Chun practitioner to three different kicks, a lifting kick to block others kicks, a front kick which can be aggressive or defensive but never flashy, and a turning kick which again can be used to stop the advance of an attacker or strike them. The Wing Chun kicks like hand techniques are non committal and do not compromise the balance of the practitioner in any significant way, due to their exceptional speed but lack of height.
Also throughout the practice of Chum Kiu the practitioner must use both hands at once. Although this is done in Sil Lim Tao, when both hands are used in the first form they perform the same action whereas in Chum Kiu they do different things, requiring a higher level of ability and concentration form the practitioner.
Therefore Chum Kiu builds on Sil Lim Tao.
The instructional DVD Traditional Wing Chun contains footage of both Ip Man and Sam Kwok performing the whole of Chum Kiu.
Learn the form on DVD
The Wing Chun 2nd form Chum Kiu can be learned from the Traditional Wing Chun DVD which has all the empty hand forms as performed by Sam Kwok along with a lot of bonus footage. Traditional Wing Chun DVD